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Full Document: Trumpís Call With the Ukrainian President


(1) Mr. Trump alludes to American aid, while not explicitly linking his request to unfreezing it. At the time of this call, Mr. Trump was holding back hundreds of millions of dollars in military assistance to Ukraine that Congress had appropriated to help that country fend off Russian aggression.

(2) Mr. Trump brings up the idea of reciprocity, suggesting that the United States has been good to Ukraine even though something Ukraine has done is not good. The next thing Mr. Trump said ó after Mr. Zelensky responded to this statement ó was to ask for investigations.

(3) Mr. Trump said Attorney General William P. Barr would call the Ukrainian president about another investigation. Mr. Trump appears to be referencing an unsubstantiated conspiracy theory pushed by Rudolph W. Giuliani, the presidentís personal lawyer, that Ukraine had some involvement in the emails stolen from Democratic National Committee.

(4) Mr. Trump is pushing Mr. Zelensky to deal directly with Mr. Giuliani, his personal lawyer and close ally. Mr. Giuliani has repeatedly pushed conspiracy theories about the Bidens and encouraged the Ukrainian government to ramp up investigations into them.

(5) Here, Mr. Trump pushes the Ukrainian president to get his countryís prosecutor to open an investigation into former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and his son, Hunter.

(6)  Mr. Zelensky promises to do what Mr. Trump is asking ó launch an investigation into the Bidens ó but also asks Mr. Trump if he can provide any information for Ukrainian investigators to look at.


==See Also==

Acting DNI Joseph Maguire testifies on whistleblower complaint


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