COVID-19: Ecological, Historical and Geopolitical
By Romeo F. Quijano, M.D
April 04, 2020 "Information
- The novel coronavirus pandemic
(COVID-19) that is threatening modern civilization today
is a disaster that was bound to happen mainly because of
human folly. This is an inevitable consequence of the
dominance of a neoliberal, national security state
doctrine with a military-industrial complex pushing for
perpetual war and corporate globalization. This has
devastated entire ecosystems, distorted medical science
and disempowered communities.
This power elite
doctrine is the root cause of the increasingly serious
cases of emerging infectious diseases over the past 40
years or so—coinciding with the destruction of our
ecosphere, gross disrespect of the intimate relationship
between humans and the environment, and the reductionist
thinking about infectious diseases and health.
fact that scientific evidence clearly shows that viruses
and other microbes are largely friends and have been
playing a significant role in the evolution and survival
of all life forms in our entire ecosystem, 1 2 the
power elite institutions and their agents have declared
these microbes as mortal enemies that deserve to be
eliminated. Microbes and their elements are in fact
essential components of the human biological entity and
perform critical physiologic functions that maintain
homeostasis and a robust immune system. 3
4 Rather than cultivating harmony and
co-existence, most humans have declared total war
against them. This belligerent attitude is also a result
of a largely mistaken understanding of infectious
disease and illness propagated by a reductionist medical
paradigm which fails to recognize that illness is in
fact a disruption of the harmony between humans and
their physical, chemical, biological, spiritual and
social environment.5 Thus, the distorted,
corporate-controlled medical science have pushed for
mass vaccinations with the aim of total elimination
despite scientific evidence that mass vaccinations do
more harm than good.6 7
Furthermore, the military-industrial complex have been,
for several decades, converting and harnessing microbes
as “weapons of mass destruction” of people perceived to
be their enemies.
It is logical to
consider that a secret bioweapons program is a major
proximal causative driving factor that created this
coronavirus pandemic. There were in fact numerous clear
warning signals that this was bound to happen but these
were ignored and nonchalantly dismissed. As early as
1970, a World Health Organization (WHO) group of
consultants in their comprehensive report on chemical
and biological weapons noted that “a virulent mutant
(microbe)… could spread rapidly to produce an
uncontrollable epidemic on a large scale.” In addition,
they warned that there was the “ever-present risk of an
accidental escape.” 8 Indeed this prediction
was prescient. A list of biolab accidents compiled by
the Stop the Biolab Movement in Boston, USA
showed more than 50 biolab accidents from 1985-2007,
occurring mostly in the US, including 7 accidents
involving the United States Army Medical Research
Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID).9
the clear dangers to public health, the US Federal
government has dramatically increased US research and
development activity and infrastructure focused on
biological weapons agents. More than two dozen large new
high-containment research facilities were funded
specifically to work with bioweapons agents, according
to the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation.
“When more dangerous research is performed by more
people in more locations, there are simply more
opportunities for significant biosafety or biosecurity
breaches to occur… Worse, if the accident involves an
agent such as the 1918 influenza virus, which was
reconstructed at the US Center for Disease Control (CDC)
in 2005, it could start a global pandemic,” it added.10
USAMRIID itself recorded a total of 128 incidents
occurring from 2016 to 2018, with seven incidents of
potential biological exposures. Some risk of exposure to
infectious agents and/or toxins may have occurred, and
has resulted in precautionary medical surveillance of
the personnel involved.11
On July 2019, the CDC issued a cease and desist
order to USAMRIID after problems were found in
its biosafety level 3 and 4 laboratories.12
The USAMRIID located at Fort Detrick, Georgia is
known to be the highly secretive epicenter of US
bioweapons research, with a history of illicit
human experiments and research on the production
of genetically-modified organisms for deployment
as weapons of war.13 14 15 16 17 US
military secret biolabs have in fact been most
advanced in doing research on pathogenic
microorganisms including SARS and other
coronaviruses. In 2018, the Pentagon’s Defense
Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) began
spending millions on such research. Some of
those Pentagon-funded studies were conducted at
known US military bioweapons laboratories
bordering China, and has resulted in the
discovery of dozens of new coronavirus strains
as recently as last April 2019.18
same time, DARPA also embarked on a secretive research
to disperse infectious genetically modified viruses that
have been engineered to edit crop chromosomes directly
in fields. Ostensibly, the research program aims to
allow farmers to adapt to changing climate conditions.21 However,
independent scientists warned that DARPA’s program could
create uncontrollable and potentially dangerous
genetically engineered viruses—using insects as the
vehicle for a Horizontal Environmental Genetic
Alteration Agents (HEGAAS), or, in other words, using
insects to disperse them—in a ‘new class’ of biological
engineering technology facilitates horizontal transfer
and unnatural recombination of genetic material across
species barriers–precisely the conditions favoring the
creation of new viruses and bacteria that cause
diseases. Many scientists have warned that increased
commercial exploitation of genetic engineering in both
agriculture and medicine have actually unleashed the
potential for creating viruses and bacteria more
virulent than nature’s worst.23
ostensibly justifiable objectives and avowed compliance
to biosafety protocols, unexpected results do happen
with potentially disastrous consequences. This was aptly
demonstrated in 2001 when Australian scientists trying
to make a mouse contraceptive vaccine for pest control
instead accidentally created a virus that kills every
one of its victims, by wiping out part of their immune
system.24 Scientists funded by the US
government, however, did a similar thing intentionally
in 2003, supposedly to study how to counter a killer
virus. Dr. Mark Buller, a virologist at the National
Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and
working for the US Biodefense Program under the USAMRIID
at Fort Detrick, has created, through genetic
engineering technology, a mousepox strain that kills 100
per cent of vaccinated mice, even when they were also
treated with the antiviral drugs.25
in 2015, Dr.
Ralph Baric and his team at the University of North
Carolina, who also created a virus using genetic
engineering, with the surface protein of the SHC014
coronavirus found in horseshoe bats in China, and the
backbone of one that causes human-like Severe Acute
Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in mice. The study
demonstrated the ability of the SHC014 surface protein,
in a genetically engineered coronavirus, to bind and
infect human cells, validating concerns that this
virus—or other coronaviruses found in bat species—may be
capable of making the leap to people without first
evolving in an intermediate host. Interestingly,
scientists from the Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens
and Biosafety, Wuhan Institute of Virology in China were
collaborators in the study.27
following year, Dr. Baric and his team (this time
without the scientists from Wuhan, China), published
another study entitled “SARS-like WIV1-CoV poised for
human emergence.” The results “indicate a significant
threat posed by WIV1-CoV. Both full-length and chimeric
WIV1-CoV readily replicated efficiently in human airway
cultures and in vivo, suggesting capability of direct
transmission to humans. In addition, while monoclonal
antibody treatments prove effective, the SARS-based
vaccine approach failed to confer protection. Together,
the study indicates an ongoing threat posed by
WIV1-related viruses and the need for continued study
and surveillance.”29 It should be noted that
as early as 2012,
Dr. Baric had received a $2.4 M grant from the NIAID “to
identify key immune regulatory genes and networks that
control disease severity, better understand how immune
compartments ‘talk’ to one another and determine disease
outcomes after infection.30
US agencies–particularly, the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of
Health (NIH) and its subsidiary, the NIAID, and USAMRIID
have been collaborating on research projects, ostensibly
to develop strategies to fight rapidly evolving
pathogens that pose a threat to public health.31 32
33 However, other scientists have expressed their
worry that human error could lead to the accidental
release of a virus that has been enhanced in the lab so
that it is more deadly or more contagious than it
already is.34 In fact, in 2015, the US
government banned such “gain of function” research
involving the flu virus, viruses causing Middle East
Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and SARS, following a
research study that genetically modified the H5N1
influenza virus so that it could spread between ferrets
(a model for studying flu in people), raising fears that
the virus could jump to humans, and after US government
laboratories working with pathogens had several
accidents. The ban was lifted in 2019.35
foregoing context, it is not surprising that a new
coronavirus, SARS-CoV2 (which causes the disease
COVID-19), has emerged and is now causing a serious
pandemic wreaking havoc all over the world. The official
narrative of the US Center for Disease Control, WHO,
most governments and the mainstream media is that
SARS-CoV2 has its origin in bats and is linked to a
large seafood and live animal market in Wuhan, China,
the epicenter of the pandemic and where it was
reportedly first discovered. Even the Chinese Center for
Disease Control initially announced that SARS-CoV2
started at the seafood market in Wuhan.
though, a spokesman for China’s ministry of foreign
affairs claimed that COVID-19 may have been brought into
China by US soldiers who were in Wuhan 14 days before
the first case of SARS-CoV2 infection was discovered,
and that the origin might be the United States.36 He
cited reports that Japanese and Taiwanese
epidemiologists and pharmacologists have determined that
the new coronavirus could have originated in the US,
since that country is the only one known to have all
five types – from which all others must have descended.
Wuhan in China has only one of those types, rendering it
in analogy as a kind of “branch” which cannot exist by
itself but must have grown from a “tree.” Part of the
proof of this assertion is that the genome varieties of
the virus in Iran and Italy have been sequenced and
declared to have no part of the variety that infected
China and must, by definition, have originated
elsewhere.37 It would seem the only
possibility for origination would be the US because only
that country has the “tree trunk” of all the varieties.38
therefore be true that the original source of the
COVID-19 virus was the US military biowarfare lab at
Fort Detrick. This would not be a surprise, given that
the CDC completely shut down Fort Detrick.39 This
assertion seems to have been corroborated by the
testimony of the CDC director in Congress, admitting
that some deaths in the US, which later proved to be
positive for SARS-CoV2 virus, have been miscategorised
as the flu.40 According to a Taiwanese
virologist, the virus outbreak may have began earlier
than assumed, saying, “We must look to September of
2019,”37 or months before SARS-CoV2 was
assertion that the SARS-CoV2 may have originated from a
lab is being disputed by the director of the NIH and
some scientists working for the NIAID, who claim that
SARS-CoV2 emerged naturally from animals.41 In
a statement published in The Lancet, a group of
scientists said, “We…strongly condemn conspiracy
theories suggesting that COVID-19 does not have a
natural origin. Scientists from multiple countries have
published and analysed genomes of the causative agent,
SARS-CoV-2, and they overwhelmingly conclude that this
coronavirus originated in wildlife.”42
However, one could easily discover that the studies from
which their conclusion was based can be traced back to
studies done under the US biodefense program, largely
through the aforementioned NIAID. The Chinese study done
at the Wuhan Institute of Virology cited by the group to
support their claims was led by Zheng-Li Shi who
actually collaborated earlier in 2015 with Dr. Baric at
the University of North Carolina in creating, using
genetic-engineering technology, an extremely lethal
SARS-like coronavirus that demonstrated the ability to
infect human cells.43 28
As what happens
in many controversial issues, scientists from different
camps often have conflicting viewpoints on the same
observable phenomenon. One must dig deeper into the
controversy, taking into account other relevant
information, including the integrity and credibility of
sources of information and potential technical and other
biases, in order to come up with a rational judgment of
what might be closer to the truth. The emergence of
SARS-CoV2 virus must also be viewed in a broad context,
taking into account not only the technical-scientific
view but more importantly, the ecological, historical,
and socio-geopolitical factors involved. At this point,
the preponderance of evidence seems to favor the
assertion that SARS-CoV2 emerged from biowarfare
research activities, most likely a result of genetic
There is a very
complex set of influences that drives the infinitesimal
probabilities of outcomes from mutations, recombinations,
and other genetic and epigenetic dynamic phenomena that
are unavoidably and unpredictably generated during viral
replication. How SARS-CoV2 emerged can be looked at from
various perspectives. From a limited biological
perspective, it seems reasonable to infer from genome
analysis that it may have emerged due to natural
processes. Natural processes, however, are usually
evolutionary and does not occur in a very short period
of time. The observed characteristics of SARS-CoV2 at
the genomic and clinical expression levels are not in
accordance with the norms of nature. It is more in
accordance with reality to expect that intervening
factors have operated at different levels that trumped
the expected genomic evolutionary pathway. There are
ecological, geographical, social, technological (ex.
genetic engineering), individual human behaviour (ex.
unscrupulous scientists and the power elite) and other
factors that come into play. It is quite obvious that
human interference have changed natural ecosystems, have
created artificial genomic element and microorganisms,
and have facilitated unnatural recombinations and
mutations. From this wholistic perspective, one can
conclude that it is highly unlikely that SARS-CoV2
emerged naturally as a result of simply increased
human-animal interaction. While it appears from genomic
analysis of the SARS-CoV2 virus points to an
evolutionary origin from bat coronaviruses, the
preponderance of evidence from a broad context points to
anthropogenic origin (a result of human activity) with
the use of genetic engineering technology as the most
likely proximal cause, not necessarily precluding prior
origin from bats or other animals.
virus emerged due to accidental release from ostensibly
well-meaning but dangerous researches on highly
pathogenic organisms or due to a secret biowarfare act
is not clear. From the available information so far, it
is more likely that there was probably an accidental
release of the virus from a laboratory engaged in
“biodefense” (biowarfare) research. It is also not clear
where exactly this laboratory might be.
with “emerging” infectious diseases like SARS, MERS,
Ebola and others should have given humanity sufficient
lessons to adequately prevent and manage COVID-19.
Perhaps official explanations of the origin of these
emerging infectious diseases and existing medical
guidelines and modalities on how to manage them are
fundamentally flawed. If the existing paradigm is
mistaken, then the current practices in the management
of the pandemic are also flawed and perhaps more
importantly, preventive measures to forestall future
pandemics will also be flawed. All theories, including
the so-called “conspiracy theories,” that might offer
rational explanations must be examined and investigated
seriously without pre-judgement. The precautionary
principle should be the norm in the assessment of risks.
A truly independent international investigative group
should be organized to do this.
Quijano, M.D. is a retired professor of the Department
of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of the
Philippines-Manila. - "Source"
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