US and Israeli Proxies Pushing the Next Neo-Con War
Faking the Case Against Syria
By TRISH SCHUH
12/18/05 "Counterpunch" -- -- Another slam dunk forgery is being
used to convict Syria. The United Nations' Detlev Mehlis inquiry
into the murder of Lebanon's former Prime Minister Rafiq Hairri
depends on a central witness, Zuhir Ibn Mohamed Said Saddik, who has
faced accusations of being a swindler and embezzler. Der Spiegel
exposed Saddik's brags of "becoming a millionaire" from his
testimony to the Mehlis Commission. Saddik was referred to the
Mehlis Commission by Syrian regime critic Rifaat Assad, the uncle of
current Syrian President Bashar Assad. Rifaat has been lobbying the
Bush administration to become the president of Syria in the event
his nephew Bashar is ousted.
The record of the UN's investigator Mehlis does not inspire faith in
his credibility. As Senior Public Prosecutor in the German Attorney
General's office, Mehlis investigated the 1986 LaBelle Discotheque
bombing in Berlin. Relying on alleged National Security Agency
intercepts of coded messages between Tripoli and Libyan suspects in
Germany (later revealed by former Mossad agent Victor Ostrovsky as
false telex signals generated by Mossad itself), Mehlis provided the
'irrefutable proof' of Libya's guilt that then justified Ronald
Reagan's bombing of Libya.
In the case of the accusations against Syria, Mehlis's case revolves
around a series of questionable phone conversations and intersecting
calling card numbers allegedly dialled by the perpetrators. It
contains no definitive forensics on the car bomb explosives used.
Outside investigators have said it could have been RDX plastique,
not TNT as Mehlis suggested in his report. The German Mercedes
manufacturers were also perplexed at how Hariri's vehicle,
reinforced by the heaviest steel-titanium alloy, was "melted by the
force of the explosion," after-effects usually associated with high
density DU munitions. The car bomb vehicle (stolen in Japan and
never fully traced) was possibly driven by a suicide bomber, whose
identity is still unknown. Mehlis's report then states: "Another
only slightly less likely possibility is that of a remotely
Mehlis conclusions on the case , due on December 15 could justify an
attack on Syria, using the Hariri assassination as justification.
But from Beirut to Damascus, the "Arab Spring" was a neocon forgery
designed to destabilize the Levant and redraw the map of the middle
Near the Mohammad Al Amin Mosque of former Prime Minister Rafiq
Hariri in Beirut, I interviewed a founder of the Martyrs' Square
tent city and asked about US-Israeli sponsorship of the
'Independence Intifadah'. Surrounded by red and white Lebanese
flags, soldier Michael Sweiden of the Lebanese Forces emphasized he
was Christian Lebanese.
"We love Israel", he told me. "Israel helps us. Israel is like our
Years before its role in the so-called "Cedar Revolution" (a moniker
coined by US Undersecretary of State Paula Dobriansky, a signatory
to the Project for a New American Century), Israel awarded
citizenship and grants of up to $10,000 to South Lebanon Army
soldiers who collaborated with the Israeli Defense Forces during
Lebanon's civil war. The Israeli newspaper Haaretz revealed, "Senior
officials at Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's office were in touch with
Lebanese leaders even before the current crisis." Backed by American
and Israeli neocons, a Christian Lebanese Likud is proxying Israel's
One example is the Lebanese Foundation for Peace, a self-styled
"Government of Lebanon in Exile in Jerusalem" founded by former
Lebanese Forces' military intelligence officer Nagi Najjar. Najjar,
a CIA consultant, testified not so long ago in support of Ariel
Sharon's "complete innocence" in the Sabra and Shatila affair
against charges by Human Rights Watch and regional governments.
Najjar has also paired with Mossad agent Yossef Bodansky while
lobbying the U.S. congress to intervene in Hezbollah-dominated south
Lebanon. His NGO, The Lebanese Foundation for Peace, endorsed the
AIPAC-sponsored sanctions against Syria, known as the Syria
Accountability / Lebanese Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2003. On
his LFP website featuring an Israeli flag, Najjar's "government in
exile" issued an official declaration; "We, the people of Free
Lebanon, thank Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Foreign Minister
Silvan Shalom for the campaign launched by the Israeli Ministry of
Foreign Afffairs aimed at ousting Syria from occupying Lebanon."
Another NGO of the Lebanese Likud is the United States Committee for
a Free Lebanon. Its President, Ziad Abdel Nour is the son of wealthy
Lebanese Minister of Parliament Khalil Abdel Nour. USCFL partners
with designated "democratizers" such as the American Enterprise
Institute (created by Lebanese-American William Baroody, Sr.),
Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations,
Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, Republican Jewish
Coalition, Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, Middle East
Forum, the Hudson Institute and kindred pro-Israel lobbies.
The USCFL hails former Lebanese president Amin Gemayel for signing a
peace deal with Israel in 1983. (According to the UAE's late
president Sheik Zayed bin sultan Al Nahyan, Saddam Hussein agreed to
leave Iraq before the war in 2003 to halt the invasion. But Amin
Gemayel, the mediator between Saddam and the US administration,
wrongly informed the US that Hussein had rejected all offers of
exile). Abdel Nour's other links include the World Lebanese
Organization, which advocates Israel's re-occupation of south
Lebanon. In 2000, he and neocon Daniel Pipes composed the policy
paper "Ending Syria's Occupation of Lebanon: the US Role" and
together co-author the Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. The
bulletin is a project of the neocon Middle East Forum and is a
frequent resource for American intelligence agencies. On November 2,
2005 Abdel Nour updated me on the Syrian crisis by phone.
Schuh: What is the future of Syria, of President Bashar Al Assad's
Nour: Both the Syrian and Lebanese regimes will be changed- whether
they like it or not- whether it's going to be a military coup or
something else... and we are working on it. We know already exactly
who's going to be the replacements. We're working on it with the
Bush administration. This is a Nazi regime of 30 years, killing
ministers, presidents and stuff like that. They must be removed.
These guys who came to power, who rule by power, can only be removed
by power. This is Machiavelli's power game. That's how it is. This
is how geopolitics -- the war games, power games -- work. I know
inside out how it works, because I come from a family of politicians
for the last 60 years. Look, I have access to the top classified
information from the CIA from all over the world. They call me, I
advise them. I know exactly what's going on. And this will happen.
Q: So would they remove the entire Assad family?
A: Why not? Who is Bashar Al Assad?
Q: I didn't see forensic proof in the Mehlis report that would
legally convict Assad of Hariri's death in a court of law.
A: I don't give a damn. I don't give a damn, frankly. This Bashar Al
Assad-Emil Lahoud regime is going to go whether it's true or not.
When we went to Iraq whether there were weapons of mass destruction
or not, the key is -- we won. And Saddam is out! Whatever we want,
will happen. Iran? We will not let Iran become a nuclear power.
We'll find a way, we'll find an excuse- to get rid of Iran. And I
don't care what the excuse is. There is no room for rogue states in
the world. Whether we lie about it, or invent something, or we
don't... I don't care. The end justifies the means. What's right?
Might is right, might is right. That's it. Might is right.
Q: You sound just like Saddam. Those were his rules too.
A: So Saddam wanted to prove to the whole world he was strong? Well,
we're stronger- he's out! He's finished. And Iran's going to be
finished and every single Arab regime that's like this will be
finished. Because there is no room for us capitalists and
multinationalists in the world to operate with regimes like this.
Its all about money. And power. And wealth... and democracy has to
be spread around the world. Those who want to espouse globalization
are going to make a lot of money, be happy, their families will be
happy. And those who aren't going to play this game are going to be
crushed, whether they like it or not! This is how we rule. And this
is how it's going to be as long as you have people who think like
Q: When will this regime change take place?
A: Within 6 months, in both Lebanon and Syria.
Q: Some names of replacements?
A: It is classified. There are going to be replacements and we know
who they are, but I cannot mention the names.
Q: Will this be done peacefully?
A: It doesn't matter. The end justifies the means. I don't care
about how it's done. The important thing is that it is done. I don't
rule out force. I'm not against force. If it's an option, it will be
Q: But if it's just trading Syrian control for American or Israeli
A: I have -- we have -- absolutely no problem with heavy US
involvement in Lebanon. On an economic level, military level,
political level, security level... whatever it is. Israel is the
51st state of the United States. Let Lebanon be the 52nd state. And
if the Arabs don't like it, tough luck.
US-Israeli intervention in Lebanon has a long history. In 1950's
Beirut, The U.S. oil companies and the CIA paid bribes to Maronite
Catholic President Camille Chamoun to buy allegiance against
Lebanese Muslims, and the pan-Arab threat of Nasser. In his book
Ropes of Sand, CIA case officer William Crane Eveland revealed,
"Throughout the elections, I traveled regularly to the presidential
palace with a briefcase full of Lebanese pounds, then returned late
at night to the embassy with an empty twin case" to be refilled
again with more CIA funds. Journalist Said Aburish recalled, "The
convergence of interest between the Camille Chamoun government and
CIA agents produced a bizarre atmosphere which altered Beirut's
character. It became a CIA city..." frequented by such covert
operatives as Kermit Roosevelt (who organized the Iranian coup
against Mohammed Mossadeq). Soon the Israelis joined in, supplying
weapons to Chamoun's son Dany, an arms trader. Dany's weapons sales
to Maronite gangs created a precedent for the country's civil war
militias. ( See Aburish's A Brutal Friendship: The West and the Arab
A more recent US-Israeli role commenced in mid-November, 2004. A
demonstration was called by former Christian General Michel Aoun.
(Aoun testified to the US Congress in 2003, and Congress favors him
as a post-Assad Lebanese president). US diplomats coached a vanguard
of unwitting Lebanese youth in CIA "Triple U" techniques
(uncontrollable urban unrest). Opposition sources revealed that a
downtown rally of 3000 mostly Christian student activists protesting
"Syrians Out!" had been organized by the US Embassy in Beirut. The
Associated Press reported on November 19, 2004, "One demonstrator
appealed to the US president, holding a placard that read: 'Bush
help us save Lebanon.' Another dressed up as Osama bin Laden but
with the words "Syrian Terror" on his chest. He held a toy gun to
the head of a protester who was wrapped in the Lebanese flag..."
Lebanese riot police allowed this unprecedented pre-Cedar rehearsal
without arrests because of a deal worked out beforehand with US
Ambassador Jeffrey Feltman. Feltman, closely linked to Ariel Sharon
and Karl Rove, is an associate of the Pentagon's Office of Special
Plans that created the false evidence and "mushroom cloud"
intelligence used to justify attacks on Iraq. This 2004 rehearsal
demonstration was answered by a counter protest of 300,000 on
November 30 against UN Resolution 1559.
When the stage show opened for real after Rafiq Hariri's death,
America's Wag the Flag performance was camera-ready. Janes.com
exposed that the flashy demonstrations and rallies were being
engineered by one of Lebanon's top advertising agencies and the
London-based Saatchi & Saatchi. Michael Nakfour of the corporate
events management company, Independence 05 - Civil Society, helped
manage the Freedom Square tent city by distributing food, flags,
supplies and theatrical effects, prompting American Enterprise
Institute scholar Hedieh Mirahmadi to marvel; "Who would imagine one
could find posters, in downtown Beirut, with the picture of
President Bush in between American and Lebanese flags?" (NY Sun,
Reporter Mary Wakefield, of The Spectator was also surprised. "Only
1,000 or so people? ..it felt less like a national protest than a
pop concert. Bouncers in black bomber jackets wore laminated
Independence '05 cards round their necks, screens to the left and
right of the platform reflected the crowd... To the left of the main
speaker, a man in a black flying suit with blonde highlights,
mirrored Oakley sunglasses and an earpiece seemed to be conducting
the crowd. Sometimes he'd wave his arms to increase the shouting,
sometimes, with a gesture he'd silence them... 'Out Syria! Out
Syria! Out Syria!' Production assistants with clipboards busied
themselves around trucks full of monitors and amplifiers.... The
truth is that the Cedar Revolution has been presented and planned in
just the same way as Ukraine's Orange revolution and, before it, the
Rose revolution in Georgia. But just because it is in American
interests doesn't mean it's an American production." ("A Revolution
Made for TV" 3/12/05)
Why not? The New York Post: "US intelligence sources told The Post
that the CIA and European intelligence services are quietly giving
money and logistical support to organizers of the anti-Syrian
protests to ramp up pressure on Syrian President Bashar Al Assad to
completely quit Lebanon. Sources said the secret program is similar
to previous support of pro-democracy movements in Georgia and
Ukraine, which also led to peaceful demonstrations." (3/8/05).
On the streets of Beirut, one 'grassroots' project, "Pulse of
Freedom," inadvertently exposed its U.S. origins by utilizing
uniquely American street theater tactics. Then in a slip,
reminiscent of Baghdad's Firdos Square when US troops covered
Saddam's statue with the Stars and Stripes, or when the Republic of
Georgia's military band played the US national anthem instead of its
own during the Rose Revolution, "Pulse of Freedom" portrayed
Lebanon's national Monument of Sovereignty as the Statue of Liberty.
Spirit of America, the NGO that created "Pulse of Freedom" provided
protesters with a billboard-sized electronic 'Freedom Clock' for
'Freedom Square' to "countdown to freedom." Spirit of America's tax
deductible donations helped maintain the tent city's food, shelter
and other basic necessities "so that the demonstrators can keep
pressure on for political change and world attention on the struggle
for Lebanese independence". Spirit of America also spawned a
plethora of revolution bloggers, foremost among them Tech Central
Station columnist Michael Totten whose boss was Spirit of America's
founder Jim Hake.
A registered charity, Spirit of America exemplifies the regime
change industry. Advised by US Ambassador Mark Palmer, Vice Chairman
of the Board of Freedom House, and co-founder of the National
Endowment for Democracy, Palmer served as speech-writer to three US
Presidents and six Secretaries of State. He also helped the US
government destabilize Slobodan Milosevic and Muammar Qaddafi.
Capitalizing on his color revolution skills, Palmer wrote "Breaking
the Real Axis of Evil: How to Oust the World's Last Dictators
Without Firing a Shot."
Another Spirit of America governor is Lt General Mike DeLong, Deputy
Commander, US Central Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.
DeLong manages a budget of $8.2 billion and "conceived and
implemented the Global War on Terrorism, Operation Enduring Freedom
and Operation Iraqi Freedom." As top Deputy to former General Tommy
Franks, DeLong's listed expertise at places such as the Army War
College, the Department of Defense and the Amphibious Warfare School
included Artillery, military intelligence, coup détats, supporting
democracy. DeLong in his autobiography Inside Centcom alleged "Syria
had been shipping military supplies, including night vision goggles
to Iraq." The New York Times and Washington Post later revealed that
these data had been fabricated "smoking gun" evidence. Charles
Duelfer of the UN Iraq Survey Group also confirmed that WMD charges
had been "exaggerated" by now-US Ambassador to the UN, John Bolton,
when he was Under-Secretary for Arms Control in 2002.
Lebanese history professor Habib Malik, affiliated with the Middle
East Forum, defended the anti-Syria protesters to
journalist-in-residence Claudia Rosett of the Foundation for the
Defense of Democracies as being "utterly spontaneous and
coercion-free." (NY Sun, 3/11/05)
But an American Hezbollah expert in Beirut, Dr. Judith Harik,
informed this writer that the pro-Syria crowds were misrepresented
in the media. "As you are hearing, the Bush administration is
labeling the opposition "the people" and everyone else as Hezbollah
terrorists. Tomorrow's [March 8, 2005] demonstration will include
Sunnis, Druze of the Arslan faction, Christians of all the leftist
nationalist parties and the entire south and Bekaa, along with
Orthodox Christian areas of Mt. Lebanon. Again the Bush
administration is misleading the public by 'mistakenly' lauding a
loud minority that supports its middle east policy."
Each side eventually held a mass demonstration numbered in the
hundreds of thousands, prompting a truce. But the US-Israeli machine
declared war. Using language formerly reserved for Yasser Arafat,
Bush parroted Ariel Sharon. "Syria is an obstacle to peace" and an
"obstacle to change". Rep. Sam Johnson (R-Texas) advised, "Syria --
put two nukes on 'em"; Jerusalem Post: "Israel hails Bush's Islamist
attacks"; Jewish Forward; "US promises Israel to tackle Hezbollah."
A deck of 'Most Wanted' playing cards appeared, a technique used by
the Israeli newspaper Maariv to target Palestinians, and later used
against the Iraqi Baath Party. Likud MK Yuval Steinetz, head of the
Knesset's Defense and Foreign Affairs Committee crystallized the
priorities: "It's a clear Israeli interest to end the Assad dynasty
and replace Bashar Assad." Evoking the "absurd Arabs with their Arab
conspiracy theories" slur, Geostrategy-Direct headlined: "Is Bashar
Assad paranoid or is the US really plotting to undermine him?"
When Israel's commandeering of US middle east policy became too
overt, defter tongues moved to quell the uproar. "Bush
Administration Advises Israel to be Quiet on Lebanese Politics,"
said the New York Times. It wasn't the first reprimand to Israel by
some of its own. In November, 2003 Israel's former head of military
intelligence, Major-General Shlomo Gazit publicly warned Sharon
against threatening Syria and the Israeli "jab, jab policy
orchestrated to incite and humiliate Damascus. It is only going to
be a matter of time until the Syrians are unable to hold back and
then the big blaze will begin." But that was Sharon's intent and he
spoke of Iraq as a justification to attack Hezbollah; "it will give
us a great pretext. But we'll hit them in any case." (Daily Times,
The Jerusalem Post wrote; "Rumsfeld considers striking Hizbullah to
provoke Syria," and the Pentagon assessed that "the time is coming
to oust Assad and the ruling generals by targeting Syria via
Lebanon..." Former National Security Council/CIA analyst Flynt
Leverett confirmed Rumsfeld's belief that by instigating the right
crisis in Lebanon, regime change could be executed in Syria. One
Rumsfeld project, P20G, or the Proactive Pre-emptive Operations
Group, existed specifically to provoke terrorist attacks that would
then justify "counter-attacks". Neocons such as Douglas Feith and
David Wurmser envisioned this graduated destablization as the
"constructive instability" of "total war".
Rumsfeld's team had already begun discussions with Israeli
intelligence about assassinating Lebanese officials -- particularly
"Hezbollah and their supporters" in 2002, and intelligence
operatives were dispatched to Lebanon. (This writer was introduced
to at least one Israeli 'student' studying Arabic at AUB in Beirut.
He travelled with an American passport, coming to Lebanon "to study
'the enemy' to find out how they think.") The Sunday Times (6/5/05)
revealed that Mossad had been using Trojan Horse email surveillance
on President Assad's wife Asma, labelling her family correspondence
a "legitimate soft target".
By January 2005, the Pentagon were preparing for military operations
in Lebanon to destroy "insurgency strongholds along the
Lebanese-Syrian border". Simultaneously, Israeli approval for a
military operation in Lebanon was given after Hezbollah killed an
IDF officer. Political-security cabinet members comprised of PM
Sharon, Deputy PM Ehud Olmert, Vice Premier Shimon Peres, and FM
Silvan Shalom had authorized the action. (Haaretz, 5/3/05). But then
Rafiq Hariri was killed, and the door to Syria swung open.
Syria may become America's 53rd state, if Farid Ghadry's NGO, the
Reform Party of Syria rushes through that opened door. Ghadry is a
Syrian Christian who worked for EG & G, a Department of Defense
contractor. EG & G assisted in the development and testing of
nuclear weapons and in many of the US military's top secret atomic
projects. Ghadry's Reform Party coordinates with the Syrian National
Council, and transmits Radio Free Syria from Cyprus and Germany to
destabilize Syria. The CIA and Mossad have long used Kurds to target
nations in the region. Journalist Jack Anderson wrote in 1972 about
Israeli envoys delivering $50,000 a month to Kurdish leader Mullah
Mustafa Barzani to destabilize Iraq.
In March 2004, this writer was approached in Damascus by Kurds from
Qamishli and Hasaka (one whose brother was arrested in the riots)
wanting to "thank Bush for helping us get rid of Assad". News
accounts later verified that the chaos up north had been
orchestrated by the US and Israel, using Turkish and Iraqi Kurds.
'Protesters' at the height of the melee even waved posters of
President Bush and American flags. The ringleaders were sponsored by
the Department of Defense and the US State Department. "Let the
Damascus spring flower, and let its flowers bloom," said Secretary
of State Condoleezza Rice. So sprouted another color catastrophe --
Syria's "Jasmine Revolution".
Reform Party of Syria's Farid Ghadry has been a featured speaker at
the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, and is himself a
member of AIPAC. When repeated calls to his organization went
unanswered, I visited the Washington, D.C. headquarters of the RFP.
Reform Party of Syria is the office of "super-Zionist" lobbyist Jack
Abramoff. Middle Gate Ventures, Abramoff's 'political advisory
company' partners with RFP. Abramoff is a top Beltway lobbyist now
under intensive FBI investigation concerning, among other things,
his proposed $9 million fee to get Gabon's president an Oval Office
session with Bush.
As a College Republican in the 1980s, Abramoff founded the
International Freedom Foundation, a project linked to the South
African Defence Forces. The International Freedom Foundation was the
PR branch of sister NGO Strategic Communications, a covert
organization charged by former spy Craig Williamson in the Weekly
Mail and Guardian for 2/24/95 with being involved with frame-ups,
extreme violence and dirty tricks campaigns.
According to the Weekly Standard (12/20/04), one Abramoff venture
was his organization of a 1985 global "summit" of underworld thugs.
With Citizens for America sponsorship, Contra leaders, guerilla
rebels and right wing 'freedom fighters' from around the world
convened in the African hinterlands to strategize. During this
period, Abramoff's membership/financial transactions with the
secretive Council for National Policy, which included Oliver North
and Richard Secord, became a template for how to mask money that
still remains partially hidden. (Nizkor Project)
Recently Abramoff's interventionism has focused on the Middle East.
Tomflocco.com reveals that Abramoff's long-time employer, Greenberg
Traurig, partially financed a Homeland Security Government Contract
Team trip to Israel for the US House/Senate Armed Services Committee
and defense contractor CACI (accused of Abu Ghraib torture). The
delegation reviewed IDF "resistance to interrogation techniques"
used in Palestine, Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib. The Lebanon Daily Star
reported that the group visited Beit Horon "the central training
camp for the anti-terrorist forces of the Israeli police and border
police" and were able to "witness exercises related to anti-terror
warfare." Legislators' names were not disclosed.
Abramoff also works with the World Zionist Organization and the
Christian Coalition to bankroll illegal Israeli settlement
activities. According to Israeli prosecutor Talia Sasson they are
part of a larger international problem. Some $60 billion worldwide
has been illicitly funnelled to Israeli settlements via different
foreign donors, quasi-NGOs and secret military accounts.
In one such case, according to Senate testimony and news reports in
Newsweek and The New Republic, an Abramoff charity, Capital Athletic
Fund, underwrote sniper scopes, camouflage suits, thermal imagers,
night vision goggles, hydration tactical tubes, shooting mats and
other paramilitary equipment through Greenberg Traurig to right wing
settler Shmuel Ben-Zvi. Abramoff wanted to help ultraorthodox
settlement Beitar Illit "neutralize terrorists" and wrote to
Ben-Zvi; "Thanks brother. If only there were another dozen of you
the dirty rats would be finished." Apparently angling for cover and
a tax deduction, Beitar Illit seminar director Ben-Zvi suggested
invoicing the weaponry to the Israeli Defence Forces on 'Sniper
Workshop' stationery with a sniper logo and letterhead to qualify it
as an educational entity. Payments were partially run through
"Kollel Ohel Tiferet," an entity not publicly listed or traceable.
Beitar Illit Mayor Yitzhak Pindrus claims never to have heard of it.
Abramoff dollars may also have found their way to the Israeli
Defense Forces' Lebanon Border Unit, the civilian SF troops that
patrol the Israel-Lebanon border. Yaagal, supposedly disbanded after
Israel's 2000 pullout from south Lebanon, still conducts clandestine
reconnaissance, plans ambushes and carries out cross-border
incursions into Hezbollah-held areas of south Lebanon. As so often
with lobbyist Abramoff's entities, the tools and trails remain
Indicted AIPAC lobbyist Steven Rosen told the New Yorker; "A lobby
is like a night flower: it thrives in the dark and dies in the sun."
But Abramoff's own words to Ralph Reed in 1983 are even more
apropos; "It is not our job to seek peaceful coexistance" with
opponents. "Our job is to remove them permanently." Flowery language
for forged freedoms, an "Arab Spring" Machiavelli-style.
Trish Schuh writes about Middle East politics. She can be reached
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