Malice Toward All, Charity
Toward None: The Foundations of the American State
By Thomas J. DiLorenzo
|"Americans are forever proclaiming our
boastful aspersions to the world . . . that our
government was based on the consent of the people,"
though in fact "it rests upon force, as much as any
government that ever existed." : Letter from
Robert E. Lee to E.G.W. Butler, Oct. 11, 1867
"[H]ad the Confederates somehow won, had their
victory put them in position to bring their chief
opponents before some sort of tribunal, they would
have found themselves justified . . . in stringing
up President Lincoln and the entire Union high
command for violation of the laws of war,
specifically for waging war against noncombatants.":
Lee Kennett, Marching through Georgia: A Life of
William Tecumseh Sherman, p. 286
--- -- In his book Battle Cry for Freedom: The Civil War Era
(p. 619), Lincoln cultist James McPherson wrote that some 50,000
Southern civilians perished during the War to Prevent Southern
Independence. Others have made estimates that are much higher.
The only way this could be possible is that if thousands were
murdered in cold blood by the U.S. Army. This is a shocking
claim, and it will be shocking to most because such statistics
say little about the actual horror of mass murder at the hands
of the state. Moreover, the state always has its court
historians and paid propagandists who put such statistics "in
proper perspective," so that they will not alarm us. (Thomas
Sowell comes to mind as a contemporary commentator who has
repeatedly belittled the number of Americans killed in Iraq in
the past four years by comparing it to the number of deaths in
World War II.)
The state funding and control of higher education that have
produced the totalitarian regime of political correctness has
all but guaranteed that there will be few (if any) publications
that illuminate, rather than obfuscate, some of the more devious
deeds of the American state throughout its history. But
historian Walter Brian Cisco, who is not an academic and is not
on any state payroll, has recently written a book – War Crimes
Against Southern Civilians – that blows the lid off the
conspiracy of silence about the violent, mass-murdering origins
of the American Leviathan state (or "The New Birth of Freedom,"
as both left-wing and right-wing statists put it).
In the name of "restoring the union" the U.S. Army, under the
micromanagement of Abraham Lincoln, waged war on its own people,
shelling and burning entire cities populated only by civilians
and engaging in acts of plunder, forced evacuation, and mass
murder. It is all documented in gory detail by Mr. Cisco, who
quotes conservative icon Richard M. Weaver in his introductory
chapter as having remarked that "from the military policies of
Sherman and Sheridan there lies but an easy step to total war of
the Nazis, the greatest affront to Western civilization since
Lincoln cultists are fond of dismissing all of this by reciting
Sherman’s "war is hell" slogan. But as Cisco points out,
murders, rapes, and robberies are also inevitable in human
society, and are likely to happen much more often if we cease to
regard them as reprehensible. Those who idolize General Sherman
in this way are not "hearing the totalitarian echo in their
Lincoln was always aware of what was going on; waging war on
civilians – his own citizens – was his own policy from the very
beginning, as Cisco proves. In May of 1861, for example, Captain
Nathaniel Lyon recruited some seven thousand new German
immigrants (mostly without uniforms) to eliminate suspected
secessionists in St. Louis. They rounded up some six hundred men
and paraded them through the streets playing the Star Spangled
Banner (which must have been completely foreign to the mostly
non-English speaking Germans). When the citizens of St. Louis
protested, the recruits fired on them, killing twenty-eight
civilians and wounding seventy-five. Lyon was promoted to
brigadier general a week later, while some ten thousand
civilians fled St. Louis.
By 1863 Missouri, under U.S. Army occupation, was a place were
"arson, theft, and murder became so common that vast sections of
the state were uninhabited." Cisco quotes Union General James H.
Lane as saying, "We believe in a war of extermination. I want to
see every foot of ground in Jackson, Cass and Bates counties
burned over – everything laid waste."
Another practice of the Union Army that is reminiscent of
totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century was forced
relocation of suspected dissenters. Cisco gives chapter and
verse of how this occurred in Missouri, Tennessee, and
elsewhere, as thousands of civilians were forced to leave their
homes. This even included Ohio Congressman Clement Vallandigham.
Plunder and pillage was also the Official Policy of the Lincoln
regime from the start of the war, as Cisco shows. Before being
defeated in the Battle of Fredericksburg the Union Army occupied
the town for a short while. Cisco quotes a Union Army officer as
saying that "the men had emptied every house and store of its
contents, and the streets, as a matter of course, were filled
with chairs and sofas, pianos, books, and everything imaginable.
. . ."
An entire chapter is devoted to the sacking of Athens, Alabama,
in 1862. Every store and shop in the town was looted, along with
most private homes, where U.S. troops went about "stealing what
they wanted and destroying the rest."
The commanding officer in charge, a Russian immigrant named Col.
John Turchin, told his soldiers that he would shut his eyes
while they went about plundering the town. That was the way of
the Russian Cossacks, he said. One of Turchin’s superior
officers, General Don Carlos Buell, relieved Turchin of his
brigade command for committing such crimes against civilians.
But he was overruled by the Lincoln regime, which promoted him
to the rank of brigadier general instead.
Cisco also describes the shelling of civilian-occupied cities
like Charleston, South Carolina by the Federal Army. "[D]uring
one nine-day period in January no fewer than 1,500 shells fell
on the city. Later, a single gun nearby threw 4,253 missiles
into Charleston. . ." (Much of Cisco’s information comes from
the U.S. Government publication, War of the Rebellion: A
Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate
Armies.) This is how many of those 50,000 Southern civilians
Atlanta was shelled by Sherman for days after the Confederates
evacuated the city and left it defenseless. Cisco describes how
a Mr. Warner had a shell crash "into his home . . . . Both his
legs were severed by the missile and he died within two hours.
Warner’s six-year-old daughter was cut in two by the same shot."
Sherman ordered more and more artillery to be shipped to
Atlanta, "with which we can pick out almost any house in the
town," he said. After the shelling stopped Sherman ordered the
remaining surviving civilians to evacuate their homes just as
winter approached and the land all around had been stripped of
food by the army. The city was then burned. An "ocean of fire"
covered the city, according to one Union officer, "leaving
nothing but the smoldering ruins of this once beautiful city."
Cisco also details the war on civilians in the Shenandoah
Valley, conducted by such cowardly murderers of women and
children as Sheridan and Custer. "Unable to vanquish Robert E.
Lee on the battlefield," wrote the editor of the Staunton,
Virginia newspaper, "Grant has turned his arms against the women
and children of our land."
War Crimes Against Southern Civilians is a must-read for anyone
who wants to educate themselves about Sherman’s "March to the
Sea." (For the cartoonish version, see the History Channel
rendition.) The true story is a story of the continued plunder
and rape of the civilian population, along with the gang rape of
mostly black women by Federal soldiers under Sherman’s command.
"Female servants were taken and violated without mercy" by
Federal soldiers, wrote a war correspondent.
South Carolinians were so hated by Lincoln’s army that they even
killed every dog in sight upon reaching the state on the
"march." "The dogs were easily killed. All we had to do was to
bayonet them," boasted one brave Union soldier.
Cisco also proves what delusional liars such Lincoln (and
Sherman) cultists as Victor Davis Hanson are. Hanson has claimed
in print that Sherman was some kind of egalitarian who was
motivated by indignation over the degree of racial inequality in
the South. The truth, of course, is that Sherman was every bit
as much a racist and white supremacist as were virtually all
other white Northerners, including Lincoln. He was also an
anti-Semite, and of course hated red-skinned people almost as
much as he hated South Carolinians – and would later kill them
in even greater numbers.
Cisco documents "Abuse of African-Americans" by Sherman’s army
in his final, stomach-turning chapter. Slaves were raped,
pillaged, and murdered indiscriminately along with the white
population of the South, and Sherman did nothing to stop it.
A favorite pastime of Sherman’s "bummers" was to tie a black man
up by his thumbs until he told them where any valuables might be
hidden. Sometimes they were hung by the neck instead, and quite
often killed in that way. "They tied me up by my two thumbs and
try to make me tell where I hid the money and gold watch and
silver, but I swore I didn’t know," said a former slave, quoted
by Cisco from The Slave Narratives.
There is nothing truly consensual about government. It is always
and everywhere based on force, intimidation, and violence. When
the founding generation formed a confederacy with the Articles
of Confederation, and later the Constitution, it was at least a
voluntary union of the states. The citizens of each state
understood that their state, and all others, was free and
independent and sovereign. They were free to participate in the
union, or not.
The union of the founders was destroyed in 1865. War Crimes
Against Southern Civilians explains in great detail how, in
addition to killing some 300,000 dissenters to rule by
Washington, D.C. on the battlefield, the U.S. Army, under the
micromanagement of Abe Lincoln, also murdered tens of thousands
of Southern civilians, including thousands of slaves and free
blacks, while stealing tens of millions of dollars of their
private possessions as well. None of it was necessary, of
course, for the purpose of ending slavery; all other countries
on earth ended slavery peacefully during the nineteenth century.
This included the British, Spanish, French, Dutch, and Danish
colonies, where 96 percent of all the slaves in the Western
Hemisphere once existed. The purpose of the war was to finally
realize the Hamiltonian dream of a consolidated, monopolistic
government that would pursue what Hamilton himself called
"national greatness" and "imperial glory." The purpose of the
war, in other words, was a New Birth of Empire, one that would
hopefully rival the Europeans in the exploitation of their own
citizens in the name of the glory of the state.
Thomas J. DiLorenzo [send him mail] professor of economics at
Loyola College in Maryland and the author of The Real Lincoln: A
New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War,
(Three Rivers Press/Random House). His latest book is Lincoln
Unmasked: What You’re Not Supposed To Know about Dishonest Abe
(Crown Forum/Random House).
Copyright © 2007 LewRockwell.com
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