Trans-Arabian Pipe Line
This brochure was first published in 1951.
Pipe Line -
The Trans-Arabian Pipe Line Company, an American concern, has completed the world's largest oil pipe line system. The oil of Saudi Arabia is now available on the shores of the Mediterranean, more than a thousand miles from its source.
The Arabs gave the name TAPLINE to this greatest of all long range engineering projects. Tapline in its completion has done more than serve the cause of national security and international peace. It has given proof that a democracy produces private initiative and enterprise which can handle any industrial undertaking no matter how great its proportions.
And Tapline has proved that the American type of free business, without nationalization and without government subsidy, can do a job better, faster and cheaper than any other system in the world.
One of the major problems facing the world today is the future supply of oil. Even the United States, which has owed its industrial growth and high standard of living in great measure to an abundance of low priced oil products, cannot be complacent in the face of the present situation.
Since 1920 oil requirements in the United States have increased four-fold. Industry forecasts indicate that in 1955 the United States will require a daily average of more than twice as much oil as was consumed in 1938.
Until 1947 an aggressive American oil industry provided enough oil products to sustain a high and rapidly rising level of industrial output and prosperity, with a surplus for export to other countries. But 1947 was a turning point.
In that year consumption slightly exceeded production and it became plain that henceforth the United States would have to import an increasing portion of its ever-growing requirements. Fortunately there are large oil reserves in Latin America, around the Caribbean Sea, certainly enough to supply United States deficits for years to come.
But here's the difficulty. The Western Hemisphere had long been a principal source of supply of oil to western Europe and other parts of
the world. It is generally agreed that the interests of future world peace and security demand the restoration and improvement of the productivity of western Europe. And oil products are an essential element in this program.
The vast reserves of the Middle East offer the best answer to this problem. The trouble before has been their inaccessibility. Now Tapline, cutting to the core of this crucial difficulty, in effect has moved the oil fields of Saudi Arabia some 3500 miles closer to the markets of western Europe.
The oil delivered through Tapline is under American ownership and American control. That oil in the hands of American interests will work for peace because that is what America wants and will insist upon.
The initial capacity of Tapline is 300,000 barrels per day.
From that amount of oil enough gasoline can be produced to operate 2,840,000 automobiles for an average day's driving. That would take care of all the cars in New York State. The amount of oil delivered by Tapline in a day can produce an amount of fuel oil sufficient to heat 259,000 average homes for 24 hours. That would be sufficient for the heating needs of Philadelphia for a day.
Tapline traverses four countries - Saudi Arabia, the Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. The effect of Tapline's industrial development in those countries already is being seen in an improvement in the living standards of their people.
Users of oil products in the United States will be benefited by Tapline operations because delivery of oil by pipe line will release 65 or more tankers for other routes. Many of them could be used in American coastal service, transporting adequate supplies of petroleum products to industrial centers.
More than half a million individuals have a financial interest in Tapline through ownership of stock in the companies which own and operate the line.
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