important steps, but unfortunately the collective
political will was not enough to overcome some deep
As I said
at the opening, we must accelerate action to keep
the 1.5 degree goal alive.
fragile planet is hanging by a thread.
still knocking on the door of climate catastrophe.
It is time
to go into emergency mode — or our chance of
reaching net zero will itself be zero.
my conviction that we must end fossil fuels
price on carbon.
resilience of vulnerable communities against the
here and now impacts of climate change.
good on the $100 billion climate finance commitment
to support developing countries.
We did not
achieve these goals at this conference. But we have
some building blocks for progress.
Commitments to end deforestation. To drastically
reduce methane emissions. To mobilize private
finance around net zero.
texts today reaffirm resolve towards the 1.5 degree
goal. Boost climate finance for adaptation.
Recognize the need to strengthen support for
vulnerable countries suffering from irreparable
the first time they encourage International
Financial Institutions to consider climate
vulnerabilities in concessional financial and other
forms of support, including Special Drawing Rights.
finally close the Paris rule book with agreement on
carbon markets and transparency.
welcome steps, but they are not enough.
tells us that the absolute priority must be rapid,
deep and sustained emissions reductions in this
Specifically — a 45 percent cut by 2030 compared to
present set of Nationally Determined Contributions —
even if fully implemented — will still increase
emissions this decade on a pathway that will clearly
lead us to well above 2 degrees by the end of the
century compared to pre-industrial levels.
the agreement between US and China here in Glasgow
that — like the text today — pledges to accelerate
action to reduce emissions in the 2020s.
lower emissions in many other emerging economies, we
need to build coalitions of support including
developed countries, financial institutions, those
with the technical know-how.
crucial to help each of those emerging countries
speed the transition from coal and accelerate the
greening of their economies.
partnership with South Africa announced a few days
ago is a model for doing just that.
I want to
make a particular appeal for our future work in
relation to adaptation and the issue of loss and
isn’t a technocratic issue, it is life or death.
I was once
Prime Minister of my country. And I imagine myself
today in the shoes of a leader from a vulnerable
vaccines are scarce. My economy is sinking. Debt is
mounting. International resources for recovery are
although we contributed least to the climate crisis,
we suffer most.
yet another hurricane devastates my country, the
treasury is empty.
countries from climate disaster is not charity. It
is solidarity and enlightened self-interest.
another climate crisis today. A climate of mistrust
is enveloping our globe. Climate action can help
rebuild trust and restore credibility.
finally delivering on the $100 billion climate
finance commitment to developing countries.
measuring progress, updating climate plans every
year and raising ambition. I will convene a global
stock-taking summit at the heads of state level in
it means – beyond the
mechanisms already set out in the Paris Agreement
– establishing clear
standards to measure and analyze net zero
commitments from non-state actors.
create a High-Level Expert Group with that
want to close with a message of hope and resolve to
young people, indigenous communities, women leaders,
all those leading the climate action army.
many of you are disappointed.
failure is not an act of nature. It’s in our hands.
of progress is not always a straight line. Sometimes
there are detours. Sometimes there are ditches.
great Scottish writer Robert Louis Stevenson said:
“Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap, but
by the seeds that you plant.”
many more seeds to plant along the path.
reach our destination in one day or one conference.
But I know
we can get there.
We are in
the fight of our lives.
up. Never retreat. Keep pushing forward.
I will be
with you all the way.
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