I Do Not Trust The Policy
Of The United States
For my Federation of University Students
The historic leader of the Cuban Revolution
Fidel Castro sent a message to the
Federation of University Students on the
occasion of an event commemorating the 70th
anniversary of his admission to the
University of Havana.
By Fidel Castro Ruz
January 29, 2015 "ICH"
- In 2006, as a result of health issues
which were incompatible with the time and
effort required to fulfill my duties – which
I myself assumed when I entered this
University September 4, 1945, 70 years ago –
I resigned from my official positions.
I was not the son of a
worker, or lacking in material or social
resources for a relatively comfortable
existence; I could say I miraculously
escaped wealth. Many years later, a richer
and undoubtedly very capable U.S. citizen,
with almost 100 billion dollars, stated –
according to a news agency article published
this past Thursday, January 22 – that the
predominant system of production and
distribution of wealth would, from
generation to generation, make the poor
Since the times of ancient
Greece, during almost 3,000 years, the
Greeks, without going very far, were
brilliant in almost all activities: physics,
mathematics, philosophy, architecture, art,
science, politics, astronomy and other
branches of human knowledge. Greece,
however, was a land in which slaves did the
most difficult work in fields and cities,
while the oligarchy devoted itself to
writing and philosophizing. The first utopia
was written precisely for them.
Observe carefully the
realities of this well-known, globalized and
very poorly shared planet Earth, on which we
know every vital resource is distributed in
accordance with historical factors: some
with much less than they need, others with
so much they don’t know what to do with it.
Now amidst great threats and dangers of war,
chaos reigns in the distribution of
financial resources and social production.
The world’s population has grown, between
1800 and 2015, from one to seven billion
inhabitants. Can this population increment
be accommodated, in this way, over the next
100 years, and food, health, water and
housing needs met, regardless of whatever
scientific advances are made?
Well, setting aside these
perplexing problems, it is astonishing to
recall that the University of Havana, during
the days when I entered this beloved,
prestigious institution almost three fourths
of a century ago, was the only one in Cuba.
Of course, fellow students
and professors, we must remember that it is
not just one now, but rather more than 50
institutions of higher learning distributed
across the entire country.
When you invited me to
participate in the launch of the
commemoration of the 70th anniversary of my
admission to the University, which I was
surprised to learn of, during days when I
was very busy with various issues in which I
can perhaps still be relatively useful, I
decided to take a break and devote several
hours to recalling those years.
I am overwhelmed recalling
that 70 years have passed. In reality,
compañeros and compañeras, if I were to
register again at this age, as some have
asked me, I would respond, without
hesitation, that it would be to pursue
scientific studies. I would say, like
Guayasamín: Leave a little light on for me.
In those years, already
influenced by Marx, I was able to understand
more, and better, the strange, complex world
in which it has befallen us to live. I may
have harbored some illusions of the
bourgeoisie, whose tentacles managed to
entangle many students, when they possessed
more passion than experience. The topic
would be long and interminable.
Another genius of
revolutionary action, founder of the
Communist Party, was Lenin. Thus I did not
hesitate a second when during the Moncada
trial, when they allowed me to attend,
albeit just one time, I stated before the
judges and dozens of high ranking officials
of the Batista regime that we were readers
We didn’t talk about Mao
Zedong, since the socialist revolution in
China, inspired by the same principles, had
not yet ended.
I insist, nonetheless,
that revolutionary ideas must always be on
guard as humanity expands its knowledge.
Nature teaches us that
tens of billions of light years may have
passed, and life in all of its expressions
has always been subjected to an incredible
combination of matter and radiation.
A personal greeting
between the Presidents of Cuba and the
United States took place at the funeral of
Nelson Mandela, the distinguished, exemplary
combatant against apartheid who had become
friendly with Obama.
It is enough to indicate
that, at that time, several years had passed
since Cuban troops had decisively defeated
the racist South African army, directed by
the wealthy bourgeoisie, which had vast
economic resources. This is a story of a
conflict which has yet to be written. South
Africa, the government with the most
financial resources on the continent, had
nuclear weapons supplied by the racist state
of Israel, as the result of an agreement
between this party and President Ronald
Reagan, who authorized the delivery of
devices for the use of such weapons to
attack Cuban and Angolan forces defending
the Popular Republic of Angola against
racist troops attempting to occupy the
Thus peace negotiations
were excluded while Angola was attacked by
apartheid forces, with the best trained and
equipped army on the African continent.
In such a situation, there
was no possibility whatsoever for a peaceful
solution. Continual efforts to liquidate the
Popular Republic of Angola, to bleed the
country systematically with the power of
that well equipped and trained army, was
what led to the Cuban decision to deliver a
resounding blow to the racists at Cuito
Cuanavale, the former NATO base which South
Africa was attempting to occupy at all
That powerful country was
obliged to negotiate a peace agreement which
put an end to the military occupation of
Angola, and an end to apartheid in South
The African continent was
left free of nuclear weapons. Cuba was
forced to face, for a second time, the
threat of a nuclear attack.
troops withdrew from Africa with honor.
Then Cuba survived the
Special Period in peace time, which has
already lasted for more than 20 years,
without raising the white flag, something we
have never done, and will never do.
Many friends of Cuba know
of the Cuban people’s exemplary conduct, and
I will explain to them, in a few words, my
I do not trust the policy
of the United States, nor have I exchanged
one word with them, though this does not in
any way signify a rejection of a peaceful
solution to conflicts or threats of war.
Defending peace is the duty of all. Any
negotiated, peaceful solution to the
problems between the United States and
peoples, or any people of Latin America,
which does not imply force or the use of
force, must be addressed in accordance with
international principles and norms.
We will always defend
cooperation and friendship with all of the
world’s peoples, and with those of our
political adversaries. This is what we are
demanding for all.
The President of Cuba has
taken pertinent steps in accordance with his
prerogatives and faculties conceded by the
National Assembly and the Communist Party of
The grave dangers which
today threaten humanity must yield to norms
which are compatible with human dignity. No
country can be denied such a right.
In this spirit I have
struggled, and will continue to struggle, to
my last breath.
GRANMA © 2014